Science in Antiquity

Science in Antiquity

Streaming Audiobook - 2006
Rate this:
After 3500 B.C., when cuneiform writing was developed and recorded history began, science first emerged among stargazing astronomer-priests in ancient west Asia. The gods were identified with the stars (which could influence events on earth); ?foundation cosmologies? expressed a view of how the world began, usually with flood themes related to the end of the Ice Age in 8000 B.C.. After the 5th century B.C., Greek thinkers (such as Thales, Pythagoras, Euclid, Protagoras, Democritus, and Archimedes) began to challenge the myths of Homeric poetry; they developed logic and philosophy as new ways of knowing. Epicurus developed a materialistic philosophy, based on Democritus' theory of atoms. Zeno and his Stoic philosophy opposed Epicureanism, finding reality in an ever-present vital spirit that controls the physical world. Hippocrates founded medical practice on the theory that the body has four humors (blood, phlegm, yellow bile, and black bile); the 1st century Roman physician, Galen, later produced anatomical studies that would remain influential until the Renaissance. Galen's contemporary, Ptolemy, produced a cosmology that also would last almost 1500 years. Plato had used reason to envision truth and to discern the unchanging laws or principles of nature ? but his ideas were often detached from observation and experience. Aristotle, in the 4th century B.C., relied much more heavily on direct observation of nature's objects and processes; he is regarded as the first empiricist. Aristotle's on cosmology, physical cause and effect, and the basic elements (fire, earth, water, and air) were to prevail for 2000 years.
Publisher: [United States] : Knowledge Products, Inc. : Made available through hoopla, 2006.
Edition: Unabridged.
ISBN: 9781433238413
1433238411
Branch Call Number: eAudiobook hoopla
Characteristics: 1 online resource (1 audio file (180 min.)) : digital.
Additional Contributors: Newman, Edwin
hoopla digital
Restrictions on Access: Digital content provided by hoopla.

Opinion

From the critics


Community Activity

Comment

Add a Comment

There are no comments for this title yet.

Age

Add Age Suitability

There are no ages for this title yet.

Summary

Add a Summary

There are no summaries for this title yet.

Notices

Add Notices

There are no notices for this title yet.

Quotes

Add a Quote

There are no quotes for this title yet.

Explore Further

Subject Headings

  Loading...

Find it at PCCLD

  Loading...
[]
[]
To Top